FACP or fire alarm control panel is the controlling component that control fire alarm system. The control panel receives all the information related to the changes associated with fire from the environmental sensors. It monitors the operational integrity of sensors and transmits the necessary information related to fire changes so that preparations can be made for fire. The panel makes the supply of electrical energy so that it operates associated sensor, associated transmitter, controller and relay. The control panel may be considered a hub of fire control system that monitors the system’s integrity and the inputs. The panel control controls even the output to relay the system.
What are the various types of fire control panels?
There are mainly four types of fire control panels and they are conventional panels, coded panels, multiplex systems and addressable panels. Similar to the conventional and modern control panel, coded panels are of two types: conventional fire alarm panel and the addressable type of panel. A conventional panel employs one or multiple circuits that are connected to sensors. The circuit is designed in a way to reduce the circuit resistance when the influence over sensor exceeds the normal threshold. Multiplex systems are installed in large complexes and buildings and function as conventional systems. Among all the categories of the panels, addressable panels are greatly advanced for it has greater control flexibility and information capacity.
What are the various components of fire alarm control panel?
Fire alarm panel has many components:
• System reset: after the alarm condition, the system reset resets the panel. The initiating device is made to set and the alarm panel is made to clear of every kind of alarm condition. To clear off supervisory conditions, this system reset is must.
• Acknowledge function of the control panel is used for notifying abnormal situations such as any kind of supervisory trouble.
• The Drill activates the notification appliance of the system to conduct fire drill.
• Signal silence: As the name suggests, depending upon the configuration of the system, this particular function will silence the notification appliance completely.
• Lamp test is used to check the condition of LED of fire control panel. Function of the LED is checked with this component. Multi zone panel require ‘lamp test’ button to do the lamp test.
What is analogue fire alarm panel?
Analogue fire alarm is based upon firecom technology that makes use of intelligent addressable technique to monitor and control that output device. It offers the very best in capability, capacity and reliability. It effectively bridges the gap between the conventional and analogue fire alarm systems. The system is capable of supervising wide range of heat, smoke, gap, multi-sensor detector at the very cost effective rates. With the device different kinds of logical manipulations may be performed. It has the internet enabled system which allows it to monitor the fire alarm control panel. The system supervises effectively each of the addressable devices individually which includes the alarm level setting for every detector.
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