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Mode of Transportation [1410]

Conventionally, the transport system was segmented and un-integrated due to competition. There by, each mode sought to exploit its own advantages in terms of cost, service, reliability and safety. But in the last 50 years or so, major efforts have been made to integrate separate transport systems through "intermodalism". In this, at least two different modes in a trip from origin to destination are used.

Currently, the transportation systems having several modes can be considered from two different conceptual perspectives:

Intermodal Transportation Network
It is a logistically linked system that uses two or more transport modes with a single rate. However, it is ensured that the modes have common handling characteristics, permitting easy transfer of the freight (or people) during a movement between an origin and a destination.

Multimodal Transportation Network
In this, there is a set of transport modes that offers connections between origin and destination point. Here although intermodal transportation is possible, it does not necessarily occur. In order to take goods; household, office or commercial, from one place to another, the moving and packing companies present a wide number of options to the customers worldwide.

Whatever the load or whatever the need, the moving and packing agencies have the vessels and expertise to deliver it safely. The choice of the transportation mode depends on several factors like: the weight and volume of the goods, timeliness, budget, legal guidelines etc.

Common mode of transportation include:
Lift Van
Used for storage as well as transportation, lift vans are generally used when the total shipment weighs less than 4,000 pounds. Lift-vans are usually lined with water-resistant paper and may be caulked as necessary to keep the goods dry. After caulking, steel straps are placed around the outside to secure the lift-van. Though custom made sizes can be there, the standard sizes are 185 to 210 cubic feet. They also offer the advantage of easy inspection for custom clearance.

Tempos
A popular mode of surface transportation, tempos are much in use by the moving and packing agencies.

They are mostly used in Asian countries to move the household goods during the relocation process. Reliable, fast and economical, these are specially helpful in local and domestic transportation. They offer the convenience of door to door pick up and delivery.

Mini Trucks
Spacious, fast and easy to handle, mini trucks also offer a good transportation option in the surface travel facility. These might display car-like features like two-toned seats, clear instrument cluster, utility trays, magazine pockets, twin-blade, twin-speed wipers and combination switches. The best part is that they does not need a professional driver. So, they are extremely useful in self moving option.

Containers
Containers are used worldwide for the moving and packing purpose as containerization allows the mechanized handling of cargoes of diverse types and dimensions, that are placed into boxes of standard dimensions. In this way goods that might have taken days to be loaded or unloaded from a ship can now be handled in a matter of minutes. The container is a load unit that can be used by several transport modes. Indeed, the container is usable by maritime, railway and road modes, making it an essential part of intermodal transportation. The usage of containers shows the complementarity between freight transportation modes by offering a higher fluidity to movements and a standardization of loads.

Trailers
Useful in rail as well as road transportation, truck trailers are used for moving freight. Typically, regular semi-trailers can be used in their standard form only and need not be specially designed. In cease pf transport by rail, semi-trailers are transported on railway flatcars. This arrangement is called "piggyback"

Steamship Containers
Resembling motor freight trailers, steamship containers are mainly manufactured using good quality steel. Due to their robust construction, they allow for best protection of a shipment as compared to other containers. These containers can only be used by ocean carriers and are not be fit for storage purposes. If the minimum weight and volume criteria is met with buy the goods, lower transportation charges are an additional advantage.

These are used for bulky shipments and have the capacity to hold more than one lift van. To effectively use a steamship container, a minimum of 700 cubic feet (approximately 4,000 pounds) is suggested. Also, it must be checked if it can be shipped in the destination country (some foreign countries do not allow it).

Air Freight Containers
These containers have particular standards of construction. The construction is restricted to certain dimensional specifications in order to pass through aircraft cargo doors. It is made up of a triple-layered corrugated cardboard and range in size from 18 to 96 cubic feet. The larger air freight containers are fitted with skids for ease in moving with a forklift.

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