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Tyre Vulcanization Process – An Overview

A standard tyre comprises of many different parts like steel belts, bead bundle, body plies, and so on. A tyre's rough size and form take shape as soon as a tyre building machine assembles together these components. Although the pieces are held together, yet the tyre remains just like a smooth rubber. A curing machine, then, adds traction patterns and markings on the tyre by applying heat, which fuses together the components tightly. The vulcanizing process, thus, becomes important as all the "ingredients" of the tyre are brought together and joined to take the actual form. This article throws light on the advantages of Tyre Vulcanization as well as how the use of nitrogen in the process proves beneficial.

 

What Is Tyre Vulcanization?
Tyre Vulcanization is basically a process in which the rubber is placed at heat and is mixed and cured with chemicals like sulfur. The hardness of the rubber depends upon the percentage of sulfur added to it. The tyres that are produced through Tyre Building Machines (TBM) are vulcanized by the Tyre Curing Press Machines (TCP), which apply a great temperature of about 300 degree as well as high pressure for curing the green tyres. The rubber, prior to the vulcanization, is stretchy in nature and fails to maintain the original state. Whereas, after vulcanizing, the elasticity and flexibility of the rubber is enhanced.

Advantages Of Tyre Vulcanization

  • It increases the strength of the rubber compounds.
  • It ensures the central placement of the tyre curing bladder in the uncured (green) tyre.
  • It assures good tyre uniformity by controlling the critical shaping process.
  • The air that gets trapped during the shaping process in the tyre inner liner and the bladder is evacuated to eliminate the trapped-air defect risks.
  • The air-bleed amidst the mould and the tyre exteriors is optimized through vulcanization.
  • The appearance of the tyre with reduced "lightness" defects is ensured through clean edges and sharp sidewall lettering to tread blocks.
  • Vulcanization helps in releasing the sticky tread compounds and complicated tread patterns of tyres.
  • It also reduces mold fouling build-up on tyre molds.
  • It eliminated curing-related tyre defects.

 

 

The Use Of Nitrogen In Tyre Vulcanization
The steam used in the process of vulcanization of tyres can be effectively replaced by Nitrogen. This environmentally friendly solution has many benefits like:

  • The productivity is increased through reduced cycle times.
  • The energy costs are reduced.
  • It leads to longer life and improved quality of tyre bladder.
  • The use of nitrogen reduces pipeline corrosion that further decreases the maintenance costs.

 

 

Luxmi Enterprises is the ultimate destination to avail precision-engineered Tyre Vulcanizing Machine. The company is one of the leading Tyre Retreading Machinery Manufacturer from Jind, Haryana. It is a prominent Manufacturer, Supplier and Exporter of Tyre Building Machine, Tyre Retreading Machine, Tyre Lifter, Automatic Mini Rasper, Curing Rims, etc.

 

About Author
Author represents this article on the behalf of Luxmi Enterprises, a is well known Tyre Retreading Machinery Suppliers in Haryana, offering a wide range of products like Automatic Tyre Building Machine, Automatic Mini Rasper, Tyre Curing Chamber and Tyre Vulcanizing Machine etc.

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